Properties and Corrosion Resistance of AISI H13 Hot-Work Tool Steel with Borided B4C Powders
Karahan, İsmail Hakkı
Karakaş, Mustafa Serdar
Çay, Vedat Veli
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CitationGünen, A., Karahan, İ.H., Karakaş, M.S., Kurt, B., Kanca, Y., Çay, V.V., Yıldız, M. (2019) . Properties and Corrosion Resistance of AISI H13 Hot-Work Tool Steel with Borided B4C Powders. Metals and Materials International. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12540-019-00421-0
Abstract: In this study, the surface of AISI H13 steel was borided with powder blends of B4C and NaBF4 using the powder-pack method at 800, 900 and 1000 °C for 2, 4 and 6 h. The structural and mechanical characteristics of the boride layers formed on the surface were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, 2D surface profilometry, microhardness and electrochemical corrosion (3.5 wt% NaCl) tests. The boride layer exhibited a single phase structure (Fe2B) in samples coated at 800 °C and a dual-phase structure (FeB + Fe2B) at higher boriding temperatures (900 and 1000 °C). The boride layers were compact and crack-free in all boriding conditions. Depending on boriding parameters, the thickness, hardness and average surface roughness (Ra) of the coatings were found to range between 5.81 and 102.46 µm, 1635–1915 HV and 0.315–0.650 µm, respectively. The borided AISI H13 steel displayed up to 33.5 times and 2.4 times higher corrosion resistance than untreated AISI H13 steel and martensitic AISI 431 steel, respectively. This suggests potential use of borided AISI H13 steel in the steam turbines and marine applications as an alternative to the more costly martensitic and duplex stainless steel grades. The corrosion resistance depended on the phase structure (single- or dual-layer), density, thickness and surface roughness of the boride coatings. Graphic Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]. © 2019, The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials.