Experimental study of butane adsorption on coconut based activated carbon for different gas concentrations, temperatures and relative humidities
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CitationAdnan Görgülü, Hüseyin Yağlı, Yıldız Koç, Ali Koç, Nurhan Adil Öztürk & Özkan Köse (2019): Experimental study of butane adsorption on coconut based activated carbon for different gas concentrations, temperatures and relative humidities, Environmental Technology. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2019.1692913
In this paper, the adsorption behaviour of activated carbon was investigated experimentally for changing butane concentration, temperature and relative humidity. Throughout the study, the coconut-based activated carbon was used. During the tests applied for butane concentration of 2, 4, 8, 20, 40 and 80 ppm, the temperature was taken as 15, 23 and 33 degrees C for a relative humidity of 50, 70 and 90%. The results showed that butane concentration had a direct relationship with adsorption. However, temperature and adsorption were inversely proportional. As a result of the adsorption between activated carbon and butane, it led to physical adsorption as one of the most important types of adsorption due to Van der Waals forces among molecules. To create physical adsorption, lower temperature ranges were more convenient. The relative humidity of the air reduced the time to reach the maximum saturation rate. The increased relative humidity also reduced the amount of butane adsorbed. Also, 50% relative humidity range was an important turning point. Relative humidity affected the adsorption of butane at a relative humidity of 50%. However, the relative humidity at 70 and 90% significantly reduced butane adsorption; on the other hand, it considerably increased the adsorption of moisture.