Parametric Optimisation of an ORC in a Wood Chipboard Production Facility to Recover Waste Heat Produced from the Drying and Steam Production Process
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CitationKoç, Y. (2019). Parametric optimisation of an ORC in a wood chipboard production facility to recover waste heat produced from the drying and steam production process. Energies, 12(19), 3656. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193656
The wastes in wood industries (waste chips) are commonly used as fuel for burners to produce steam and to use the remaining heat in the drying process. However, in spite of that, there is a considerable amount of heat evaluated from the burn of waste chips still released to the atmosphere without use. Therefore, in the present study, a cogeneration cycle design by used of ORC was designed and parametrically optimised for six organic working fluids (acetone, ethanol, R11, RE245fa2, R365mfc and R601a). During the ORC optimisation, the ORC turbine inlet temperature was changed from the saturated steam temperature of the fluid to the maximum temperature of the fluid. The ORC turbine inlet pressure was increased from 7.5 bar to the critical pressure of the fluid. As a result of the study, the maximum net power, net thermal efficiency and exergy efficiency of the ORC were found as 453.91 kW, 30.01% and 67.56% at 340 degrees C and 62.5 bar from the ORC with ethanol. This means that almost 30% of the waste heat could be recovered by use of the ORC with ethanol. By using the designed cogeneration system, it was calculated that the thermal efficiency of the system can be increased up to 74.01%.