Smart monopole antenna with pattern and frequency reconfiguration characteristics based on programmable metasurface
MetadataShow full item record
CitationÜnal, E., Altıntarla, G. (2019). Smart monopole antenna with pattern and frequency reconfiguration characteristics based on programmable metasurface.International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, 29 (9), art. no. e21805. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmce.21805
Metasurfaces having ultrathin and planar structure with sub-wavelength unit cell, have recently gained significant potential for use thanks to their control capabilities over the electromagnetic waves from microwave to the visible range. The structure and the dimensions of the sub-wavelength elements determine the electromagnetic properties, capabilities, and functionalities of the metasurfaces providing a full control of the reflected and transmitted fields and these metasurfaces are referred to as analog metasurfaces. When adjustability is added to the unit cells, programmable or digital metasurfaces are obtained, allowing us to take multiple unique functionality advantages controlled by external stimuli. In this study, we propose a metasurface structure, also known as 1-bit coding metasurface, which is controlled depending on the "On/Off" state. The "On/Off" state is controlled by a computer program using genetical algorithm. Depending on the operating state, electromagnetic waves can be manipulated and different functionalities of the metasurfaces can be realized. The contribution and innovation of the study is the demonstration of the beam rotation, resonance frequency shift and radiation pattern reconfiguration properties of a simple monopole antenna by using controllable metasurface composed of T shaped resonator and circular patch with an operating frequency between 4.3 and 5.6 GHz.