Effect of different cryoprotectants (glycerol, methanol and dimethyl sulfoxide) on post-thaw quality, viability, fertilization ability and DNA damage of cryopreserved nile tilapia (oreochromis niloticus) spermatozoa
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CitationBozkurt, Y., , Yavaş, I., , Bucak, M. N., , & Yeni, D., (2019). Effect of Different Cryoprotectants (Glycerol, Methanol and Dimethyl Sulfoxide) on Post-thaw Quality, Viability, Fertilization Ability and DNA Damage of Cryopreserved Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Spermatozoa. Cryo letters, 40(1), 11–17.
BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of sperm from different fish species requires different protocols. Therefore, it is necessary to perform studies to establish reliable procedures for each species. OBJECTIVE: Experiments were designed to analyse the effect of different types of cryoprotectants on post-thaw motility, viability and fertility as well as cryoresistance of cryopreserved Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) sperm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sperm samples were diluted with an ionic extender containing glycerol (Gly), methanol (MeOH) and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at ratios of 5, 10 and 15 % respectively. Diluted samples were aspirated into 0.25 ml French straws and frozen 3 cm above the surface of liquid nitrogen (LN) in a styrofoam box and stored in a LN tank. DNA damage was evaluated with the comet assay technique following cryopreservation. RESULTS: Supplementation of extender with 10% glycerol gave the highest motility rate compared with the other cryoprotectant groups (P<0.05). Differences in terms of post-thaw motility duration, cell viability and fertilization rates were not significant among treatments (P>0.05). Although Gly gave the best score (5.0 +/- 0.1%, P>0.05) at the concentration of 10%, 5% Me2SO caused significant DNA damage (15.0 +/- 1.0%, P<0.05) with the comet test. CONCLUSION: Gly or MeOH are more suitable cryoprotectants than DMSO for the cryopreservation of Nile tilapia sperm.