Properties and High Temperature Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Boronized Inconel 718
CitationGünen, A. (2020). Properties and High Temperature Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Boronized Inconel 718. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 51(2), 927-939. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-019-05577-3
Silicide-free boride layers were grown on Inconel 718 Ni-based superalloy surface at 850 degrees C, 950 degrees C, and 1050 degrees C for 2, 4, 6 hour by the powder pack-boronizing process using nano-sized B4C powders. The coatings were examined using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, 3D profilometry, and microhardness measurements. Wear experiments were carried out on untreated and boronized Inconel 718 using a ball-on-disk tribometer under dry sliding conditions at temperatures of 25 degrees C, 400 degrees C, and 750 degrees C. An increase in boronizing temperature and duration increased the thickness and hardness of the obtained boride layers, which resulted in low coefficient of friction values and decreased wear rates. Scanning electron microscopy images of the worn surfaces revealed two-body abrasion as the effective wear mechanism in the untreated samples, and three-body abrasion assisted by microcracking and spalling as the dominant wear mechanism in the boronized samples. A transition from mild to severe wear occurred in the untreated samples, while wear rates remained low in the boronized samples up to 750 degrees C. In conclusion, boronized Inconel 718 was capable of sustaining its boride layers under 5 N for 1800 m at wear-test temperatures up to 750 degrees C.