MWCNTs doped GFRPs drilling: crosscheck among holes obtained by alternative manufacturing methods
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CitationCeritbinmez, F., Özkan, V., Saracoglu, G., Yapici, A. (2021). MWCNTs doped GFRPs drilling: crosscheck among holes obtained by alternative manufacturing methods. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-021-07181-5
In this study, the holes of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) doped GFRP composite materials were drilled using abrasive water jet (AWJ), CO2 laser cutting, orbital drilling, and punching methods; the effects of these methods on hole quality were determined. The hole entry and exit dimensions were obtained equal and in the desired size by orbital drilling; thus, kerf formation was prevented due to the lateral and face milling of the end mill. The surface hardness change was not observed in the hole circles obtained with the orbital drilling and punching methods. However, epoxy hardening was observed in the hole circles obtained by laser cutting due to the heat effect of laser beam. In AWJ method, matrix-fiber integrity was disrupted, and delamination was observed due to the effect of water pressure and kinetic energy; consequently an increase in material thickness was observed and surface hardness decreased. It was determined that MWCNTs additive increased the surface hardness of composites and maintained its hardness and durability in post-cutting measurements. Splintering and burring were not seen in any method, but fiber carbonization was observed in the inner parts of the hole due to thermal effects in laser cutting.