Ground plane design configuration estimation of 4.9 GHz reconfigurable monopole antenna for desired radiation features using artificial neural network
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CitationAlkurt, F.O., Erkinay Ozdemir, M., Akgol, O., Karaaslan, M. (2021). Ground plane design configuration estimation of 4.9 GHz reconfigurable monopole antenna for desired radiation features using artificial neural network. International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering https://doi.org/10.1002/mmce.22734
This paper presents a system based on artificial neural network (ANN) that predicts ground plane design for desired radiation properties of a monopole antenna with operation band of 4.8 to 5 GHz. The operating frequency can be adapted to any other frequency regimes. Initially, a 180 x 180 mm2 ground plane, which is composed of a copper layer, is designed and integrated to a radiative pole that creates monopole antenna configuration. The ground plane is divided into 18 rows and 18 columns as 18 x 18 matrix so that each unit cell has a square shape having 10 mm side length. Moreover, 152 different ground plane configurations are created by using logic 1 s and 0 s. Multi-layered feed forward ANN is used along with Scale Conjugate Gradient learning algorithm to design ground plane of the monopole antenna. Simulated 152 random ground plane arrays and obtained radiation patterns are used to train ANN for the ground plane design. If a user wants to manipulate radiation, artificial neural network gives the optimum ground plane design for the desired radiation direction and gain with 91.03% accuracy. Finally, one test antenna is fabricated and experimentally measured to support the results of the simulated one. The proposed ANN model approach can be easily used for antenna applications in the antenna industry.