Radio-wave absorption by aluminum and its dependence on the absorption distance
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KünyeChung, D.D.L., Ozturk, M. (2021). Radio-wave absorption by aluminum and its dependence on the absorption distance. Journal of Materials Science, 56 (15), 9263-9273. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-021-05865-7
The absorption of radio wave is relevant to electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding and low observability. The effect of the absorption distance much above the calculated skin depth on the absorption of radio wave (600–2000 MHz) is studied by determining the absorption loss per unit thickness for aluminum sheets of thickness ranging from 0.528 to 2.053 mm. Aluminum is dominantly used for EMI shielding. The absorption loss SEA increases with increasing thickness, such that when the absorption distance x exceeds 1.3 mm, the increase is slight. The distance 1.3 mm corresponds to ~ 500 times the calculated skin depth for x = 0. Furthermore, when x exceeds 1.3 mm, the linear absorption coefficient α obtained from SEA/thickness decreases linearly with increasing x. At x below 1.3 mm, α decreases with increasing x in a nonlinear non-exponential manner that is not far from linearity and corresponds to much less decrease for the same x than the exponential case. The non-exponential relationship indicates that the skin effect alone cannot explain the observed relationship. The observed high α at large x, at which the electric field is low, indicates nonlinear dielectric behavior. The factor β that relates α2/α1 and x1/x2 (where α1 is the α value at x1, and α2 is the α value at x2) increases with x and levels off at ~ 1.5 when x exceeds 1.3 mm. The effect of x on α is large compared to the effect of the frequency on α. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC part of Springer Nature.