Significant enhancement of superconducting performances of Bi-2212 fibers through combined sodium substitution and LFZ process
Madre, María Antonieta
Sotelo, Andrés E.
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CitationGürsul, M., Ergin, I., Özçelik, C., Depci, T., Özçelik, B., Madre, M.A., Sotelo, A. (2021). Significant enhancement of superconducting performances of Bi-2212 fibers through combined sodium substitution and LFZ process. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-021-06305-7
This paper reports the microstructure, magnetoresistivity, electrical and superconducting properties of Bi-2212 fibers with Na+ ions incorporated into a superconducting matrix prepared by a polymer solution method and additionally textured through the laser floating zone process. XRD patterns showed that Bi-2212 phase is the major one with mostly (00l) diffractions due to the grain alignment, independently of Na content. SEM micrographs showed that samples are composed of well-stacked and oriented grains. The irreversibility field (H-irr), upper critical magnetic field (H-c2), coherence length (xi), and activation energies (U) have been calculated using magnetoresistivity measurements and explained based on the thermally activated flux flow (TAFF) model. Considering the resistivity-temperature graph for zero field, T-c values tend to increase from 84.8 K (for the pure sample) to 93.2 K (for 0.075Na sample), slightly decreasing for higher content. Besides, transition temperature width (Delta T-c = T-c(onset) - T-c(offset)) decreases with the increment in the Na content and reaches its minimum value (Delta T-c = 3.7 K) in 0.075Na sample. However, broadening of superconducting transition has been observed with applied field and T-c values decreased to 76.1 K for the pure sample and 86.8 K for 0.075Na sample. Likewise, the activation energies of the samples also decreases significantly with the increase of the magnetic field and the activation energies of the Na-containing samples are found to be higher than the pure sample at each magnetic field value. H-c2(0) values are calculated as 33.8, 43.8, 50.1, 33.1, and 21.4 T for 0.0, 0.075, 0.10, and 0.20 T Na samples, respectively. As a consequence, referring to all experimental results and theoretical findings, the superconducting characteristics improve regularly with Na-doping until x = 0.075 due to increment in the interaction of superconducting clusters, decrement in weak-links and stabilization of charge carriers in CuO2 conducting planes.