Amperometric galectin-3 immunosensor-based gold nanoparticle-functionalized graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets and core-shell Ti-MOF@COFs composites
CitationYola, M. L., & Atar, N., (2020). Amperometric galectin-3 immunosensor-based gold nanoparticle-functionalized graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets and core-shell Ti-MOF@COFs composites. Nanoscale, 12(38), 19824–19832. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0nr05614f
Antigen galectin-3 (GL-3), a member of beta-galactoside proteins indicates cardiac fibrosis and is a significant biomarker for monitoring heart failure risk and death risk. In this study, a novel sensitive amperometric method for antigen GL-3 detection is developed based on gold nanoparticle-functionalized graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets (g-C3N4@Au NPs) as the sensor platform and Ti-based metal organic framework (Ti-MOF, NH2-MIL-125)@covalent organic frameworks (COFs) composite for the signal amplification. The Ti-MOF@COF composite not only facilitates the penetration of antibody proteins into pore channels, but also the highly stable antigen-antibody interactions. The prepared sensor platform and signal amplification material are characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) method, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The amperometric technique is utilized to achieve antigen GL-3 detection in plasma samples. The immunosensor demonstrates a wide linearity range (0.0001-20.0 ng mL(-1)) and a low detection limit (0.025 pg mL(-1)). Finally, the prepared immunosensor shows high stability and selectivity under optimum conditions.