Microstructural characterization, boriding kinetics and tribo-wear behavior of borided Fe-based A286 superalloy
MetadataShow full item record
CitationGünen, A., Keddam, M., Alkan, S., Erdoğan, A., Çetin, M. (2022). Microstructural characterization, boriding kinetics and tribo-wear behavior of borided Fe-based A286 superalloy. Materials Characterization, 186, art. no. 111778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2022.111778
Iron-based superalloys are alloys produced for use in corrosive environments as an alternative to high-cost nickel-based superalloys. However, their average strength and hardness, attributed to their austenitic structures, limit their use in tribological applications. In an attempt to counter these drawbacks, boriding was applied to an iron-based A286 superalloy having an initial surface hardness of 320 HV. Boriding kinetics, some mechanical properties, and tribo-wear (ambient air and 3.5 NaCl environment) behaviors of the formed boride layers were investigated. Multicomponent boride layers (consist of FeB, Fe2B, CrB, NiB, Ni4B3) were formed on the surface of the alloy, with hardness and thickness values of 1498-1961 HV and 20-130 mu m, respectively, depending on the boriding temperature and the treatment time. The integral diffusion model was adopted to deal with the kinetics of monoboride and hemiboride layers formed on the surface. The boron activation energies of FeB, Fe2B, and DZ layer were estimated as equal to 175.86, 198.7, and 205.73 kJ mol- 1, respectively. As a result of increased surface hardness, all of the borided samples displayed reduced friction coefficients and higher wear resistance compared to the untreated alloy, in both ambient air and 3.5% NaCl. However, the increase in wear resistance was not proportional to the increase in hardness; while the best wear resistance was obtained in samples borided at 850-950 degrees C for 6 h, the lowest wear resistance was obtained in samples borided for 4-6 h at 1050 degrees C. This situation was caused by the Kirkendall effect and residual stresses in the structure of alloying elements with different diffusion rates due to the high-temperature effect of the boriding process.