First record of microplastic occurence at the commercial fish from Orontes River
MetadataShow full item record
CitationKılıç, E., Yücel, N., Mübarek Şahutoğlu, S. (2022). First record of microplastic occurence at the commercial fish from Orontes River. Environmental Pollution, 307, art. no. 119576. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2022.119576
Freshwater environments are more sensitive to anthropogenic influences and usually contain higher concentrations of pollutants than marine environments. Microplastic pollution causes additional stress on freshwater animals; yet, studies evaluating the microplastic occurrence in freshwater biota are still limited. In this study, microplastic occurrence in the gastrointestinal tracts (GIT) and gill of commercial fish species (Prussian carp Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782); Abu mullet Planiliza abu (Heckel, 1843); Common carp Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758; European ell Anguilla Anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758); North African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822); Goldfish Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) were reported from Orontes River. MPs abundance in the GIT and gill of six species were found as 5.1 +/- 2 MPs fish-1 and 4.4 +/- 2 MPs fish-1 with an occurrence of 95% and 74%, respectively. The majority of extracted microplastics were fiber, black and less than 1000 mu m in size. FTIR analysis determined the main polymer types as polyester (50%), high-density polyethylene (HDPE) (10%), polypropylene (PP) (8%) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) (5%). High MPs abundance and frequency of occurence indicate the exposure of microplastic pollution in freshwater biota which could threat the health of both individuals and consumers. Results obtained in this study will increase the acknowledgement of MPs pollution in the Orontes River. Also, this study will provide data to the administrators to set up necessary legislations in freshwater ecosystems.