Microplastic ingestion evidence by economically important farmed fish species from Turkey
CitationKılıç E. (2022). Microplastic ingestion evidence by economically important farmed fish species from Turkey. Marine pollution bulletin, 183, 114097. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.114097
Microplastic pollution and its potential impacts on humans become a global concern. This study is the first study examining the microplastic ingestion in the commercially important species Oncorhynchus mykiss Rainbow trout (Walbaum, 1792), Sparus aurata Gilthead seabream Linnaeus, 1758, and Dicentrarchus labrax European seabass (Linnaeus, 1758) from Turkey. The occurrence frequency of microplastic (MP)in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) was varied between 50 and 63 %. The highest MP abundance in the GIT was estimated in Rainbow trout (1.2 MPs individual(-1)) followed by European seabass (0.95 MPs individual(-1)) and Gilthead seabream (0.8 MPs individual(-1)). Most of the extracted microplastic particles were black (61 %) and blue (27 %) in color and fiber (80 %) in shape. Major identified polymers were polyethylene (25 %), polyester (20 %), polyamide (10 %). Since fish consumption is an important route for MPs, results light up the danger potential for humans. This study will fill the information gap in Turkey and show the necessity of protection measures in aquaculture industry.