Studying CaSO4:Eu as an OSL phosphor
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CitationGuckan, V., Altunal, V., Nur, N., Depci, T., Ozdemir, A., Kurt, K., Yu, Y., Yegingil, I., Yegingil, Z. (2017). Studying CaSO4:Eu as an OSL phosphor. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 407, pp. 145-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2017.06.010
This study was carried out to investigate the properties of the OSL signal from Eu-doped calcium sulfate (CaSO4:Eu) phosphor and study on its thermal behavior as a function of temperature under a series of luminescence experiments. The suitability of its usage as an optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosimeter was also checked. CaSO4:Eu was synthesized using the precipitation method and prepared in pellet form. The dopant concentration value was performed as 0.1 mol%. The synthesized CaSO4:Eu was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) method to confirm the product. To have an idea about the crystallography and microstructure morphology of the material, scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis were carried out. It was found that the OSL signal is a resultant signal having three components and exhibits thermal quenching above 150 degrees C. The excitation spectrum of CaSO4:Eu showed, different peaks in the region 220-360 nm with the highest one at 269 nm. Thermoluminescence (TL) signals of CaSO4:Eu pellets were obtained and compared with the TL signals obtained after OSL measurements of the same pellets by blue light stimulation. The low temperature, peak near 180 degrees C did not show any significant change in TL after OSL measurement whereas the high temperature peak at 240 degrees C was bleached with the blue light illumination and might be responsible for the observed OSL signal. The dosimetric properties such as dose response, minimum detectable dose, energy response, reusability, fading properties, thermal stability and effect of reading temperatures on OSL signals were examined. OSL signals of CaSO4:Eu pellets were decreased by approximately 8% at the end of the 24 h and by about 7% at the end of 28 days when compared with the first readout. The thermal stability of the 240 degrees C TL peak and OSL signal using isothermal decay measurements were used to determine the trap parameters. The CaSO4:Eu OSL dosimeter in accordance with the presented study allows a high-sensitivity OSL phosphor whose host material was previously known as conventional synthetic CaSO4 TLD material. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.