Tunable perfect metamaterial absorber design using the golden ratio and energy harvesting and sensor applications
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We present the design, characterization, theoretical and experimental verification of a tunable perfect metamaterial absorber (MA) based electromagnetic (EM) energy harvesting and sensor application. We have used the golden ratio while determining the dimensions allowing a simple configuration and an easy fabrication for the proposed structure. We have examined and analyzed the perfect absorption (both numerically and experimentally) and EM energy harvesting (numerically) behaviors of the proposed structure in order to verify and show the characteristics of the model. It is shown that 99.9 % maximum absorption rate is achieved at 6.78 GHz, and MA structure can be used as an EM energy collector. In order to support the numerical study, an experimental study is realized. We have then developed a sensor application of the proposed MA structure and observed the effects of the harvesting system. Perfect MA sensor based EM energy harvesting system is successfully achieved.