Simulation of diesel hybrid electric vehicle containing hydrogen enriched CI engine
Hydrogen enrichment on diesel engines is a proven solution for both minimizing the undesirable emissions and fuel consumptions. Also, hybrid electric vehicles which manufactured for the same goal too, are playing an important movement during three decades in transportation sector. The combination of these two common-purpose technologies will give possibility to production of hybrid electric vehicles which have hydrogen-enriched internal combustion engine, in the near future. At this study, four type modelled vehicle; stock diesel vehicle (V1), hydrogen enrichment diesel vehicle (V2), hybrid electric vehicle which contains same diesel engine (V3) and hybrid electric vehicle that powered by hydrogen enrichment diesel engine (V4); simulated with AVL simulation tools for compared the performance and emission values, for the first time. V1 is outfitted by 3.0 L diesel engine. V2 is the hydrogen enriched version of V1 which hydrogen addition is conducted via intake manifold with 8% (vol/vol) enrichment. V1 and V2 were simulated under AVL Boost tool for analyzing the effects of hydrogen addition clearly. After that, V3 and V4 were modelled with AVL Cruise. V3 and V4 were coupled an electric motor (30 kW) with appropriate battery. In terms of performance and emissions results, vehicle types with hydrogen enriched diesel engines were given promising outputs when compared with without ones. In particular, V4 has revealing excellent performance. Under this study's circumstances, when compared V4 between stock one, 4.26% improvement was achieving on vehicle performance parameters. Additionally, the combined fuel consumption, NOx emission and CO2 emission decreases with 14.32%, 15% and 33% respectively, for comparison between V4 and V1. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.