Development of cardiac troponin-I biosensor based on boron nitride quantum dots including molecularly imprinted polymer
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CitationYola, M.L., Atar, N. (2019). Development of cardiac troponin-I biosensor based on boron nitride quantum dots including molecularly imprinted polymer. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 126, pp. 418-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2018.11.016
The cardiac Troponin-I (cTnI) is one of the subunits of cardiac troponin complexes and a pivotal biochemical marker of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Due to its myocardial specificity, cTnI is widely used for the diagnosis of AMI diseases. In this study, a novel imprinted biosensor approach based on boron nitride quantum dots (BNQDs) was presented for cTnI detection in plasma samples. Various characterization methods such as scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were used for all characterizations of nanomaterials. After the characterization analysis, cTnI imprinted electrode was developed in the presence of 100.0 mM pyrrole containing 25.0 mM cTnI. After that, the analytical studies of cTnI in plasma samples were performed by using cTnI imprinted biosensor. The results of the study have revealed that 0.01-5.00 ng mL(-1) and 0.0005 ng mL(-1) were found as the linearity range and the detection limit (LOD). Moreover, the selectivity of cTnI imprinted glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was investigated for plasma sample analysis in the presence of other nonspecific and specific proteins including cardiac myoglobin (MYG), bovine serum albumin (BSA) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT), respectively. Furthermore, the prepared biosensor was examined in terms of stability, repeatability, reproducibility and reusability. Finally, the imprinted biosensor was applied to the plasma samples having high recovery.